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Berlin: Traditional Funding Route Remains Best for Hard-Pressed Doc Filmmakers

The Act of Killing Poster

A Berlinale panel, moderated by THR's Scott Roxborough, shared that "sheer bloody-mindedness" is the key to success for documentaries.

BERLIN -- Making documentary films remains a challenging art with financial pressures unrelieved by the genre's current popularity, panelists at a Berlinale EFM industry debate heard Friday.

'The Act (and Art) of the Doc' moderated by Scott RoxboroughThe Hollywood Reporter's Cologne-based correspondent, revealed the difficulties that even producers of the stature of Andre Singer, who worked on Oscar-nominated The Act of Killing, and German director Marc Bauder (Master of the Universe), face when financing their films.

Most documentary films get made through "the sheer bloody-mindedness of the director," Singer noted.

Singer is in Berlin to present his new project, which he is also directing, Night Will Fall, a work in progress about the liberation of Nazi death camps by Allied soldiers in 1945 that features interviews with troops and camp survivors seen in wartime footage, now in their 80s and 90s.

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The Act of Killing director Joshua Oppenheimer spent eight years working on the film and put the funding together "piecemeal," he added.

"It was only when the funders saw the material they understood that as a filmmaker he had something special to offer that was really different," Singer said.

Bauder, whose candid study of a highly placed financial executive -- the sort of person the public identify as being responsible for the global finance crisis -- focused on one man's compulsion to tell his story, took a very different path.

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Unable to find television funding because he had only one character featured in the film, Bauder was under pressure from a man desperate to tell his story.

"He was a whistleblower; when I first met him he gave me an insight into the psychology of financiers," Bauder said.

But it took a commissioner editor brave enough to back the director's vision to get the project funded, fortunately soon enough to catch the subject while he felt compelled to talk.

Anais Clanet, of French sales agents, Wide House, which picks up around ten new documentary projects annually, said the more genre-busting and "niche" a film was, the better.

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"The more bizarre and apparently unsalable the film is, the better; audiences want something different," she said. Fantastic content and fresh formats always sold, despite the general retreat from documentary funding by many television broadcasters, she added.

Documentary films, even of those such as Oscar-winning Searching For Sugarman -- which took around $3 million worldwide -- were not big money spinners, Singer said.

But the panel agreed that P&A budgets helped raise the profile of a movie and although crowd-funding and other social media tools could help identify audiences, traditional funding routes -- through TV, public funding bodies and film commissions -- remained the most viable route to success.