Synecdoche, New York

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Cannes, In Competition

CANNES -- Oscar-winning screenwriter Charlie Kaufman's first film as a director, "Synecdoche, New York," will mesmerize some and mystify others, while many will be bored silly. It's not a dream, Kaufman says, but it has a dreamlike quality, and those won over by its otherworldly jigsaw puzzle of duplicated characters, multiple environments and shifting time frames will dissect it endlessly.

Not bound for mainstream audiences, the hard-to-pronounce title, which sort of rhymes with Schenectady, N.Y., where it's set, will require careful nurturing to find its audience. That could take some time.

Philip Seymour Hoffman is perfect in the role of Caden Cotard, a regional theater director who wins a genius award that pays a vast fortune just as his artist wife, Adele (Catherine Keener), is leaving him because he has "disappointed" her.

From the Greek, meaning something that represents a bigger thing, as in the White House for the U.S. administration or Hollywood for the movie industry, "synecdoche" sums up what Caden creates to fill the gulf created when Adele takes their daughter to live in Berlin.

Determined to make a success, he takes over a vast building in which he plans to stage an ongoing drama with an enormous cast that ultimately matches and sometimes replaces what is happening in real life. He has a love affair with cheeky boxoffice clerk Hazel (Samantha Morton) and later casts lookalike Brit Tammy (Emily Watson) to play her in his never-ending show.

He hires beautiful actress Claire (Michelle Williams) to play his wife and then marries her for real when Hazel falls for hunky Derek (Paul Sparks).

Visiting Berlin in real time, Caden discovers that his daughter Olive (Sadie Goldstein) has been more or less adopted by the very intense Maria (Jennifer Jason Leigh).

Time flies by in decades, though some characters age and others do not. Caden hires an actor named Sammy (Tom Noonan) to play him, and with two Hazels and two Cadens, life is bound to become even more confusing. Later, famed actress Millicent Weems (Dianne Wiest) joins the cast to play a maid, but when Tom dies she takes over the role of Caden.

None of this is easy to follow, and it requires concentration to stay up with all the changing characters and the many abrupt moves in all directions, but such is Kaufman's confidence as a filmmaker and his wonderful ability to write memorable dialogue that the converted will follow him anywhere.

Many scenes are flat-out hilarious -- Hazel lives in a house that is constantly on fire and filled with flames and smoke -- but the film has a deeply affecting aura of true melancholy. Mankind's knowledge of death and the unknowable depths of other people's minds are central to the story. Some sequences are simply there because it's the movies and movies should be fun, but others are both poetic and profound.

Disappointment and regret are key elements along with the muddled illusions, delusions and misapprehensions that afflict most of us. With his theatrical intellect, Caden is persuaded that in the world's population not one person is an extra; they are all the lead in their own story. Kaufman's ambitious and invigorating film finds that ineffably sad.

But before he closes with a scene of almost unbearable gravity, he gets in lots of gags including a series of titles Caden comes up with for his epic production, not the least of which is "Infectious Diseases in Cattle."

Cast: Philip Seymour Hoffman, Samantha Morton, Michelle Williams, Catherine Keener, Emily Watson, Dianne Wiest, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Hope Davis, Tom Noonan. Director: Charlie Kaufman. Screenwriter: Charlie Kaufman. Producers: Anthony Bregman, Spike Jonze, Charlie Kaufman, Sidney Kimmel. Director of photography: Fred Elmes. Production designer: Mark Friedberg. Music: John Brion. Costume designer: Melissa Toth. Editor: Robert Frazen. Executive producers: William Horberg, Bruce Toll, Ray Angelic.
Sales: Kimmel International.
MPAA rating R, running time 104 minutes.

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