Berlin Festival to Honor Film Historian Naum Kleiman, Director Marcel Ophuls

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Both men will receive Berlinale Camera awards for their contributions to cinema culture.

The Berlin International Film Festival will present Berlinale Camera awards this year to the German documentary filmmaker Marcel Ophuls and Russian film historian Naum Kleiman, the co-founder of the Eisenstein Archives in Moscow and former director of the Moscow Cinema Museum.

Ophuls is best known for his documentaries exploring the history of the Holocaust. His Hotel Terminus: The Life and Times of Klaus Barbie, about the infamous Gestapo commander, won the Oscar for best documentary in 1988. He also received an Oscar nomination for The Sorrow and the Pity (1969) which looked at France's Vichy regime. In the Golden Globe-nominated The Memory of Justice (1976) Ophuls juxtaposes interviews with the accused in the Nuremberg Trials with veterans of the Vietnam War and survivors of the Algerian War of Independence.

“Marcel Ophuls’ oeuvre has contributed significantly to the investigation of anti-Semitism,” Berlin Festival director Dieter Kosslick said in a statement. “The Memory of Justice is also a reminder that we must never stop examining the question of collective and individual responsibility.”

Kleiman is one of Russia's most acclaimed film historians and one of the world's premiere authorities on director Sergei Eisenstein. He was recently at the center of a political controversy in Russia when, in October last year, he and the entire staff of the Moscow Cinema Museum resigned in protest at how the museum's new state-appointed director was managing the country's cinematic heritage.

Marcel Ophuls will receive his Berlinale Camera at a ceremony on Feb. 11, Kleiman will be honored on Feb. 12.