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While Time Warner Cable subscribers watch closely as the CBS standoff enters its fourth week, TV distributors should be monitoring the negotiations even more diligently, because the ultimate settlement is likely to set a pattern for the entire industry.
Unlike other recent retransmission negotiations that focused on small fee increases, CBS is determined to make up for what it perceives to be a historic injustice in terms of what cable and satellite pay for their content. The network wants a leap from around 66 cents per subscriber per month to about $2, based on figures from SNL Kagan.
Content companies typically win these carriage fights, and it’s likely this time won’t be different. As the fall season approaches, CBS’ leverage grows.
When cable and satellite distributors start losing customers, they have a history of caving in. If that happens this time — probably on the eve of the NFL season — you can bet that NBC, ABC and Fox will all be looking for the same kind of historic increase. And Time Warner Cable will be joined by Comcast, Cox, DirecTV and even Dish Network in facing this new reality.
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“Any time one of these larger networks sets the new standard in terms of pricing for their programming, the rest follow,” says Justin Nielson, an analyst for SNL Kagan. “In most cases it’s been CBS and Fox trailblazing what the rates should be and then ABC and NBC following.”
Dish, on the distribution side, has been second only to TWC in trying to hold the line, and Dish faces the next big test with the ABC/Disney channels carriage — including the Big Kahuna of retrans deals with ESPN. The current ABC/Disney contract with Dish expires the third week of September.
In this current fight, both sides feel justified and righteous.
“In the past [CBS has] said there’s a big disconnect in terms of broadcast viewership and what cable affiliates are being paid from the operators,” says Nielson, adding: “In this case CBS is taking a kind of strong-arm approach. They are saying, We’re delivering a lot more in terms of programing and viewership, so we should be paid market rates.”
CBS likes to distinguish its content from that of cable channels like Time Warner’s TNT, which gets about $1.25 per subscriber but spends less on programming and sports rights.
“It’s perfectly reasonable for CBS to be getting considerably more retransmission money than TNT,” says Dennis Wharton, spokesman for the National Association of Broadcasters, which represents the broadcast networks. “CBS runs first-run programming, and TNT essentially re-runs shows from CBS and other broadcasters much of the time.”
Time Warner Cable won’t comment, but the company’s spokesperson has said the CBS demands are outrageous. In its view, CBS already has a financial buffer because it can use the free government-provided spectrum to reach audiences who don’t subscribe to cable. That is why CBS shouldn’t get as much as a dedicated cable channel, TWC maintains.
TWC is also aware the industry is watching. Just before the blackout started on Aug. 2, a spokesperson said: “We’re not the only ones — everyone is having these problems. The truth is literally every other distributor, whether cable, satellite or telco, has acknowledged the problems created by programmers’ rising costs.”
It’s hard to cry for either side. Both CBS and TWC are hugely profitable, and the current fight is more about what might happen than what is happening. According to figures compiled by Kagan, in 2011, total broadcast retransmission fees were only about $1.76 billion, while cable channels were paid around $27 billion in the same year.
There is ample reason to believe TWC itself has already accepted that it will have to fork over a big increase. Negotiations are said to have stalled on other issues, such as the value and use of digital rights. Under the old contract, TWC maintained video on demand rights but not TV Everywhere and other digital rights that have emerged since the last deal.
An Aug. 5 letter from TWC CEO Glenn Britt included an offer to let CBS channels (including Showtime, The Movie Channel and local channels in New York and Los Angeles) be sold a la carte — one at a time — but there was something else in there that is much more important. “In the interests of getting CBS back on our cable systems,” wrote Britt, TWC will “reluctantly” agree to “the new economics” hammered out in the negotiations.
CBS dismissed the letter as a public relations stunt. But the message was clear — in the end TWC will pay what it must, even if it isn’t happy about it.
As negotiations have dragged on, interest groups have jumped on competing bandwagons.
A bevy of “public interest” groups are pushing for a la carte pricing, though it’s not clear that would alleviate the high cost of cable and satellite. Plus, there is little political appetite to push proposed a la carte legislation through Congress. And there is a practical problem: All the current contracts between distributors and content owners essentially prohibit a switch to a la carte, so it would take years just to unravel the complications.
By the time the first pass is thrown in a regular-season NFL game, it is likely the CBS-TWC brouhaha will be an unpleasant memory. But the lingering effect will continue to be felt in distributors’ profits and in customers’ bills.
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