John Singleton, Trailblazing Writer-Director of 'Boyz N the Hood,' Dies at 51

He received two Oscar noms for his remarkable debut feature and went on to helm other projects including 'Poetic Justice,' 'Higher Learning' and '2 Fast 2 Furious.'

John Singleton, the pioneering writer-director of Boyz N the Hood, who traveled a short distance but sure came a long way as he blazed a trail from South Central to Hollywood, died Monday, his family announced. He was 51.

"John passed away peacefully, surrounded by his family and friends," they said in a statement. "We want to thank the amazing doctors at Cedars-Sinai [Medical Center] for their expert care and kindness, and we again want to thank all of John's fans, friends and colleagues for all of the love and support they showed him during this difficult time." 

Singleton had gone to Cedars seeking medical care April 17 and was there when he suffered a stroke in the intensive care unit, his family said three days later. They said Monday morning he would be removed from life support.

"This was an agonizing decision, one that our family made, over a number of days, with the careful counsel of John's doctors," they said.

In his all-too-brief career, Singleton directed just eight films after his startling debut, Boyz N the Hood (1991), for which he received Oscar nominations for original screenplay and directing. He was the first African-American to have been nominated in the latter category and, at 24, the youngest person named as well.

He would become a major influence to young African-American filmmakers like Jordan Peele and Barry Jenkins.

Singleton also wrote and directed the romantic drama Poetic Justice (1993), starring Tupac Shakur and Janet Jackson; Higher Learning (1995), about three incoming college freshman (Omar Epps, Kristy Swanson and Michael Rapaport); the remake of Shaft (2000), starring Samuel L. Jackson as the iconic private eye; and Baby Boy (2001), a coming-of-age tale set in South Central and starring Tyrese Gibson.

Singleton also helmed Rosewood (1997), a period piece about a racist attack; 2 Fast 2 Furious (2003), the second installment in the high-octane franchise; Four Brothers (2005), with Gibson, Mark Wahlberg, André Benjamin and Garrett Hedlund as unlikely family members; and Abduction (2011), a thriller starring Taylor Lautner.

As a producer, Singleton said he used $4 million of his own money to back Hustle & Flow (2005). That film earned an Academy Award nom for lead actor Terrence Howard and captured the original song trophy for "It's Hard Out Here for a Pimp." 

Singleton's most recent project was Snowfall, the FX crime drama that he co-created with Eric Amadio and Dave Andron. It was renewed for a third season that was set to begin this summer.

Boyz N the Hood first showed up on Singleton's application to the USC School of Cinematic Arts; he was calling it Summer of '84 back then. Later, as a student in the school's Margaret Mehring Film Writing Program, he learned an important lesson, he told The Hollywood Reporter's Stephen Galloway in a wide-ranging 2014 interview.

"I learned that no one was going to write the films I wanted to do except for me," he said. "No one was going to have the vision to tell the stories that I wanted to tell except for me."

Singleton signed with CAA while he was a sophomore at USC and landed a deal at Columbia Pictures when he was a senior. In an important move, Steve Nicolaides, a producer on Boyz N the Hood, scheduled the inexperienced director to shoot his story from beginning to end, in continuity.

"If you watch Boyz N the Hood, you can see me becoming better as a filmmaker," he said. "And that was great because it got more and more intense as the film goes along, so I'm just really … my instincts got better and better as a filmmaker within that seven-week schedule."

The movie marked the acting debuts of Ice Cube and Morris Chestnut and featured Cuba Gooding Jr., Laurence Fishburne, Nia Long, Regina King and Angela Bassett. (Singleton wrote the role of Darrin "Doughboy" Baker, based on one of his boyhood friends, for Cube after having first met the rapper while working as an unpaid intern on The Arsenio Hall Show.)

In his review, Roger Ebert called Boyz N the Hood "one of the best American films of recent years" and a "thoughtful, realistic look at a young man’s coming of age, and also a human drama of rare power — Academy Award material."

"Singleton is a director who brings together two attributes not always found in the same film: He has a subject, and he has a style," Ebert continued. "The film is not only important but also a joy to watch, because his camera is so confident and he wins such natural performances from his actors."

At the Oscars, Singleton lost out to director Jonathan Demme of The Silence of the Lambs and to screenwriter Callie Khouri of Thelma & Louise.

John Daniel Singleton was born on Jan. 6, 1968, in Los Angeles. During his self-described "formative years," his father, Daniel, was a manager at Thrifty's, and his mother, Sheila, fought to work her way through college. He grew up in South Central, never "more than half a mile away from Century Boulevard, starting in Inglewood and then going over to Vermont/101st [Street]," he told Galloway.

"It was a really volatile environment, but I always say, when you're living in the hood, you don't live this life where you're crying every day, downtrodden every day. At the worst of times, there's a bit of what's known as 'Ghetto Heaven' — you're basically playing in the street, you play stick ball in the street; you chase the ice cream truck and ride on the back of the ice cream truck; you jump on the roof.

"There's always some type of adventure. Some of it is good and some of it is bad. There's always this undercurrent that something could happen that would basically end your whole thing. But you don't really think about that day-to-day. You could get chased by 20 people from one neighborhood to the next, but then you're like, 'Wow, that was something.' 

"I'm happy that I grew up that way because it made me more of a fighter, more of a hustler, and it made me really appreciate life in a different way as a storyteller. I could identify with people of other various communities around the world because of that experience."

The Century Drive-In was nearby, and he could watch films on its giant screen from his apartment window. They were "B-movies, the AIP films, the throwaway films, the slasher movies, the blaxploitation movies, the kung fu movies," he recalled. "I would see them with no sound. That was my initial entree into film and filmmaking."

At Blair High School in Pasadena, Singleton worked for the school newspaper and got to review such movies as The Breakfast Club, Ladyhawke, Sixteen Candles and Mask. "And I started thinking, 'Wow, I really want to go to film school, so how do I do it?'" he said. He started hanging around USC school and received encouragement.

After high school graduation in 1986 and a stint at Pasadena City College, Singleton was accepted into USC.

"The galvanizing moment for me was when I saw Do the Right Thing," he said. "I saw what Spike [Lee] did with that picture. I said, 'I got to do it for L.A., I got to come hard with an L.A. movie.'" Singleton noted he needed just one draft and three weeks to write Boyz N the Hood.

"I willed myself into believing it was that good," he said. "I had so many people tell me, 'This will never get made, you're never going to make this movie.' And I was like, 'Watch, I'm going to get this movie made.' Less than a month after graduating from film school [in 1990], I was in preproduction for this film."

"Nobody had ever seen anything like John when he came around to Columbia with Boyz N the Hood," Sid Ganis, the producer and former Academy president who was then a marketing exec at the studio, said in a statement to THR.

"[Producer] Stephanie Allain figured it out, and eventually John made this absolutely breakthrough film. Beloved, controversial, dangerous and absolutely raw — John was a movie lover, a movie fan and a student of movies, and all he wanted to do when I met him was make 'em."

In recent years, as his feature directing work slowed, Singleton helmed episodes of such TV dramas as Empire, Billions, American Crime Story — he got an Emmy nom for that — Snowfall and a 30 for 30 documentary on disgraced Olympian Marion Jones. He also produced films Black Snake Moan (2006) and Illegal Tender (2007) and the BET series Rebel.

In addition to his parents, survivors include his children, Justice, Maasai, Hadar, Cleopatra, Selenesol, Isis and Seven. Singleton will be buried on Monday, May 6, at a private ceremony, with a larger memorial in the works.

Asked a few years ago which of his projects represented his "best as a filmmaker," Singleton replied: "I haven't made my best work yet. I have my best work lying ahead of me. … I want to be remembered for my passion. And for the fact that my films, each one of them, is a different soulful statement."

May 3, 7:21 p.m. Updated to include details of burial.