#OscarsSoWhite: How to Win an Oscar if You're Black (Chart)

Lupita Nyong’o in 12 Years a Slave, 2013 - H 2016
Fox Searchlight Pictures/Photofest

It's most often for roles that paint stereotypical (or painful) portraits of African-Americans: kingpins, addicts, slaves and maids.

This story first appeared in the Feb. 5 issue of The Hollywood Reporter magazine. To receive the magazine, click here to subscribe.

Sidney Poitier, Lead Actor
Film: Lilies of the Field (1963)
Role: Unemployed

Denzel Washington, Lead Actor
Film: Training Day (2001)
Role: Tyrant, violent

Jamie Foxx, Lead Actor
Film: Ray (2004)
Role: Drug addict, musician

Forest Whitaker, Lead Actor
Film: The Last King of Scotland (2006)
Role: Tyrant, diva, violent

Halle Berry, Lead Actress
Film: Monster's Ball (2001)
Role: Drug addict, single parent

Louis Gossett Jr., Supporting Actor
Film: An Officer and a Gentleman (1982)
Role: Tyrant, violent

Denzel Washington, Supporting Actor
Film: Glory (1989)
Role: Slave

Cuba Gooding Jr., Supporting Actor
Film: Jerry Maguire (1996)
Role: Sports figure, diva

Morgan Freeman, Supporting Actor
Film: Million Dollar Baby (2004)
Role: Sports figure

Hattie McDaniel, Supporting Actress
Film: Gone With the Wind (1939)
Role: Domestic help, slave

Whoopi Goldberg, Supporting Actress
Film: Ghost (1990)
Role: Con artist

Jennifer Hudson, Supporting Actress
Film: Dreamgirls (2006)
Role: Diva, musician

Mo'Nique, Supporting Actress
Film: Precious (2009)
Role: Con artist, drug addict, single parent, unemployed, violent

Octavia Spencer, Supporting Actress
Film: The Help (2011)
Role: Domestic help

Lupita Nyong'o, Supporting Actress
Film: 12 Years a Slave (2013)
Role: Slave