Redman, Benedict, Green
Redman, Benedict, GreenDewey Redman, a pioneering jazz tenor saxophonist and bandleader, died Sept. 2 in Brooklyn, N.Y., of liver failure. He was 75.
Redman was remembered as a partner in free jazz with alto saxophonist Ornette Coleman, whom he met when they both played in the high school marching band in Fort Worth, Texas.
A follower at first of Dexter Gordon, John Coltrane and Sonny Rollins, Redman moved to Los Angeles in 1959 and later to San Francisco, playing with Pharoah Sanders, Donald Rafael Garrett and others.
He moved to New York to join Coleman's band in 1967, when he found, in his performances on such albums as "New York Is Now!" "Love Call" and "Science Fiction," a third way between the jazz tradition and the avant-garde.
Redman recorded with Charlie Haden's Liberation Music Orchestra in 1969 and then, in 1971, spent five years off and on with a band known as Keith Jarrett's American Quartet, which included Jarrett, Haden and drummer Paul Motian. Next, he took part in Old and New Dreams, a quartet of mainstays from different Coleman bands: Redman, Haden, Don Cherry and Ed Blackwell.
From the mid-'60s on, Redman often led his own bands, usually quartets with piano, bass and drums; he recorded twice with his son Joshua Redman, also a jazz saxophonist.
Ed Benedict, 94, an animator who designed many famous cartoon characters including Fred Flintstone, Yogi Bear and Huckleberry Hound, died Aug. 28 in Auburn, Calif.
Benedict is best known for characters he designed in the late 1950s and early '60s after he moved to the Hanna-Barbera studio, including Yogi Bear and Boo Boo, his sidekick. He also designed Huckleberry Hound, Quick Draw McGraw, Fred and Wilma Flintstone and their pals Barney and Betty Rubble for TV series starting in 1958.
Gerald Green, author of "The Last Angry Man," a 1956 book that told the story of a heroic doctor who worked in New York's slums, died Aug. 28 in Norwalk, Conn., of pneumonia. He was 84.
He also wrote the screenplay and novelization of "Holocaust," a 1978 TV miniseries about the destruction of much of Europe's Jewish community. The NBC miniseries was seen by an estimated 400 million people worldwide and won eight Emmys. Soon after that, the West German government repealed the statute of limitations on Nazi war crimes.
"The Last Angry Man" was dedicated to Samuel Greenberg, the author's father and a doctor in Brooklyn, and was made into a 1959 movie starring Paul Muni.
James Tenney, an influential force in many genres of avant-garde music and art who held the Roy E. Disney Family Chair in Musical Composition at California Institute of the Arts School of Music, died Aug. 24 in Valencia, Calif., of cancer. He was 72.
Based on his underground reputation for works composed in the 1960s and '70s, Tenney was once called "the most famous unknown composer in America." A lifelong innovator, he pioneered in the 1960s what is now referred to as sampling. His electronic "Collage #1 (Blue Suede)" includes manipulated elements from Elvis Presley's version of Carl Perkins' "Blue Suede Shoes." Around this time, Tenney also was working with Minimalist composers Steve Reich and Philip Glass.
A performer as well as a composer and theorist, Tenney was co-founder and conductor of the Tone Roads Chamber Ensemble in New York (1963-70). He was known for legendary performances of important 20th century works, especially those by John Cage and Charles Ives.
Gyorgy Faludy, a poet and translator considered one of the greatest Hungarian literary figures of the past century, died Sept. 1 in Budapest. He was 95.
Faludy fled the Nazis and communists, and his works were banned in his home country for decades. Faludy gained acclaim in the mid-'30s for his translations of the ballads of 15th century French poet Francois Villon.