Treaties: Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Cuba, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Russia, Tunisia, Venezuela, United Kingdom
Recent projects: "Vicky Cristina Barcelona" (Spain-U.S.), "His Majesty Minor" (Spain-France), "Empty Nest" (Argentina-France-Italy-Spain)

Of the 77 films produced through Aug. 31 in Spain this year, 23 were co-productions with other countries, according to Spanish producers federation FAPAE. As part of the EU, Spain enjoys the benefits of the MEDIA 2007 accord, which supports the co-production of films with European countries, the distribution of European films in Europe outside their producing countries, and provides exhibition assistance for European films.

Spain also benefits from the similar Ibermedia fund, established in 1997, which brings Spain and Portugal together with nearly all of Latin America, including Brazil. Spain has many films that fall under the Ibermedia paradigm, including Daniel Burman's recently released "Empty Nest," which premiered at the San Sebastian International Film Festival in September and is a co-production between Spain's Wanda Vision and Argentina's BD Cine, as well as France's Paradis Films and Italy's Classic Film.

Some regions in Spain have also forged their own co-production treaties with foreign governments, of which the strongest is probably Raices, set up in 2006 by the Galician Audiovisual Consortium. Raices draws from a fund of 600,000 euros, 150,000 euros from each party, to finance co-productions involving the autonomous communities of Andalusia, Catalonia and Galicia and the country of Argentina.

-- Pamela Rolfe

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