Judge Rules 'Midnight Rider' Producer Can't Collect on Insurance Due to Criminal Acts

Midnight Rider Who Will Pay The Bills - H 2014
Courtesy of Wayne County Sheriff's Office

Midnight Rider Who Will Pay The Bills - H 2014

A California federal judge has rendered a big ruling on the insurance dispute that emanated from the fatal train accident during the 2014 shooting of the Gregg Allman biopic Midnight Rider in Georgia. In a summary judgment opinion released Thursday, the film's production company is denied a bid to force its insurer to cover losses. U.S. District Judge Otis Wright concludes that criminal acts have been properly excluded under the film company's policy.

On Feb. 20, 2014, the film crew entered private property to shoot a scene on a railway trestle bridge when a train barreling forward at an estimated 57 miles per hour had the crew frantically fleeing. Unfortunately, camera assistant Sarah Jones couldn't get away and was killed while others were injured.

Midnight Rider director Randall Miller pled guilty to involuntary manslaughter and criminal trespass and spent time in prison for what happened. Meanwhile, Film Allman LLC filed a lawsuit against New York Marine and General Insurance Company with the allegation that the defendant had "sabotaged the Film, the very thing that it agreed to insure and protect when it issued the Producers Policy to Film Allman."

After many months of discovery, New York Marine argued that its policy was clear — that it needn't cover criminal acts like entering upon the property of another after receiving notice from the owner that such entry is forbidden. The insurer pointed to Miller's guilty plea, admissions to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and depositions from Miller and others.

In October, the producers came forward with some new evidence including an email sent by an employee at CSX, the train rail company, that "recalled" a prior message that the Midnight Rider producers say had been used by criminal prosecutors and OSHA to indicate that CSX withheld its permission to use its tracks. The producers also pointed to evidence that there were individuals from Rayonier present during the filming. Rayonier is a giant timbre company and landowner in the area where the train accident happened.

But that's not enough for the judge.

"There is no contention that Film Allman owned the land or the train tracks in question," he writes in his opinion. "Thus, the Court can establish that the land and tracks constitute 'the land or premises of another person.' Specifically, the land was owned by CSX. Film Allman argues that the owner of the tracks is unknown, but the evidence directly contradicts this and supports the conclusion that CSX is the owner."

Wright continues, "In addition, Film Allman’s employees received notice from CSX prior to entry that such entry was forbidden. Film Allman’s film crew knew that CSX owned the tracks. And, Film Allman’s employees received denials every time they solicited permission from CSX to use the tracks, including on the morning of the accident. Film Allman’s arguments that it was not denied permission to film on the tracks prior to the accident are conclusory and unsupported. The evidence shows that Film Allman employees knew that they had been denied permission to film on the tracks prior to the accident on February 20, 2014."

The judge then rejects a "semantics arguments" that the presence of the train was the intervening cause of the accident, writing, "Without the crew’s unauthorized presence on the tracks, the accident would not have occurred. Any argument to the contrary regarding causation is illogical. In conclusion, the Court determines that there is a valid exclusion in the insurance policy for criminal acts, and that exclusion was triggered here."

According to an amended complaint, after production of Midnight Rider derailed, producers revised the script to focus on the 1970s rock 'n' roll world in general instead of Allman and looked to Utah as an alternative shooting location. They hoped that the insurance money would aid them. But the prospects of collecting on the insurance policy appears dim after they are now denied summary judgment on breach of contract and other claims. The judge also has granted the insurer's own summary judgment for declaratory relief.

Miller and producer Jody Savin experienced another setback on Thursday. 

With the new evidence, which included an agreement between CSX and Rayonier, they wished to be added as plaintiffs to an amended lawsuit alleging the insurer may have withheld evidence and acted in bad faith. They claimed that that the insurer had represented CSX in prior matters without their knowledge and that one of the insurer's employees had forged a plot during the criminal proceeds to force them into bankruptcy.

Judge Wright won't allow an amendment to the lawsuit. He cites procedural infirmities and doesn't believe the producers carried their burden in showing diligence in asserting claims. However, he does point out that Miller and Savin can attempt to bring their action against New York Marine separately.

Here's the full summary judgment order.